How the Industrial Revolution Changed the World
How the Industrial Revolution Changed the World
In the previous article in this series we looked at how the Industrial Revolution changed art movements and created new ones. This article will concentrate on how the Industrial Revolution affected the graphic design and printing industries. Many of the early graphic designs and print publications that appeared during and after the Industrial Revolution were actually designed and printed by the manufacturers themselves. Most of the materials they used were made in the factories, and the products that came out of these factories held the title of “worker’s Paradise”. The Industrial Revolution was also responsible for the birth and development of the first mass produced newspaper. Throughout the developed world, people would gather in factories to see what new and improved designs were coming out of the factories.
Throughout the developed world, graphic design was not widely used and the artists that did use it were either craftsmen or artists who lived in poverty. The industrial revolution marked the transition from the days of the cave paintings to the modern art forms we know today. Many of the early forms of artwork and printmaking were lost as a result of the progress of the technology and the rise of the printing press. However, new and better techniques continued to be developed, and graphic design was able to gain popularity amongst the population again.
In order to understand the impact that the industrial revolution had on graphic design, it is important to understand how it evolved throughout the different periods that it was a part of. The most obvious change that the industrial revolution brought about was the change in the type of materials used to make tools and other objects. Prior to the industrial revolution, everything was made out of stone or wood; this meant that the objects that humans could use were limited. A typical worker in the village would have a log and a hammer, and they would use this in order to fix things that the rest of the world could not see.
The Industrial Revolution however, changed the types of materials that were used, and it also changed the type of tools that could be used. People were able to use iron to make tools, which was much stronger and much heavier than the soft metals that were used in the early forms of human graphic design. They also had access to a wide range of new machines, which allowed for many more possibilities when it came to creating new art forms.
As the Industrial Revolution evolved, new industrial revolution gave rise to new art movements. One of these was the art nouveau movement, which was born out of the French Revolution and lasted until the 18th century. Art nouveau was characterized by geometric designs, wild bold colors, and the desire to put an impression of spontaneity into their art designs. It is often said that the Industrial Revolution spurred the art nouveau movement.
Another one of the most prolific art movements during this time period was the Swiss design. Swiss design took after the best pieces of European art, and combined them with the best materials and cutting techniques. The result was artwork that was stunning in its beauty and which was extremely intricate in its construction. Most of the Swiss design pieces you see today are a part of some of the most respected corporations in the world such as the Swatch Company, which introduced the first mass produced wrist watch in 18 Loving, and eventually became one of the largest watch manufacturers on the face of the earth.
Another important art deco movement was that of the bauhaus style. The term bauhaus actually stood for the Black and White Schools of Art, and this design was brought together by an architect named Louis Sullivan. This style was actually the brainchild of one of the most influential industrial designers of all time, Dietrich von Schiller. The bauhaus style was meant to evoke a feeling of classic beauty and artistry, and it was adopted by such notable artists as Frank Stella and Sandro Botticelli. Botticelli is actually responsible for many of the modern day designs and styles that we know of today, and his work in particular can be seen at the UNESCO Museum in Paris, where Botticelli’s architectural designs can still be found.
All throughout this time period, people were also trying to make use of new materials and new ways to develop new designs. One of the greatest leaps forward came when watch manufacturing took place, with the development of the movement known as the interchangeable watch. This type of watch allowed people to replace one type of movement with another, and was used in everything from watches to portholes. Throughout history, there have been many advancements in technology and art when it comes to the way the world works today. The industrial revolution changed the world, and has had lasting impacts on all industries and aspects of society.