Ottoman Empire

21.10.2021
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Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was, for many centuries, one of the most powerful and expanding empires in all of human history. Founded more than a thousand years ago, the Ottoman Empire covered a large part of Central Asia, including parts of modern day Turkey, northern Syria, northern Iraq, and much of eastern Turkey. For much of its history, the Ottoman Empire was ruled by a sultry female sultan. She was also the first Western European to be granted citizenship in the Sultan’s court. She united her harems, or tribal groups, which resulted in a massive territory extending from modern day Turkey through modern day Iraq, northern Jordan, and much of Central Asia.

 

The Ottoman Empire, like many other empires, depended upon the trade routes that passed through it in order to be supplied by other European powers. The trade routes led to the development of towns and cities, as well as an enormous amount of wealth. The most powerful of these towns and cities were Istanbul (modern day Turkey), Alexandria (Modern day Cairo), Harvain (Hazaras), Salonika (Kardikoy), Khorezbeit (Khosta), Bilat (Bilistan), and Edirne (essa). These towns and cities were centers of the greatest empires in the history of the Middle East, and they were controlled by the Ottomans for centuries. The various sultanates did not have the same long standing military as the Ottomans, but they were able to keep their lands intact by imposing taxes upon them, which were based upon their wealth.

 

The major difference between the Ottomans and the Ottoman Empire at this point in time was political. While the Ottomans, under the leadership of sultan Abdulhamit II, were expanding their empire into the Black Sea, conquering more of the Christian world, the sultanate of Oguess had little to no expansion projects whatsoever. As a result, their culture, religion, and language were still widely accepted throughout the Empire. On the other hand, the sultanates of Egypt, Syria, and Iraq all began developing large scale projects, such as irrigation, roads, and the construction of larger cities. In fact, when the Turkish invasion of Cyprus occurred in 1920, the entire Greek population there was forced to convert to Islam, with the result that they lost nearly half of their population.

 

The collapse of the Middle East and the World War I created a vacuum in which the previously stable Middle East suddenly became unstable. This new political and social climate resulted in many social changes, including a major shift in the demographics of the region. In the eyes of many, the Ottoman Empire and the sultanates that replaced it as the rulers of the Middle East were no longer bound by certain rules or ethnic boundaries. Ethnic cleansing and religious zealots roamed free, establishing themselves as the new rulers of the Middle East.

 

At this point in time, many historians believe that the collapse of the Middle East’s Ottoman Empire was inevitable. For instance, when the British soldiers arrived to relieve the Ottoman Empire after the World War I, they caused much chaos, leading to the complete collapse of the Empire. Moreover, the modern state structure of the Middle East, established in the early twentieth century, has led to a serious decline in its economy and overall health. Thus, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of the newer Middle Eastern countries was completely inevitable.

 

However, the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of the Muslim empires in the Middle East left an important legacy. This is the legacy of an old civilization that reached its twilight years during the twelfth century. One of the most significant legacies was the development of the byzantine order in its post-factual times. The Byzantine Emperorates retained much of their ancient heritage by preserving many of their byzantine laws, such as those regarding marriage and divorce. Furthermore, the byzantine world still maintained strong trade routes with the western Europe.

 

In addition, the sultans of the time were not too quick to convert to Christianity. They started building church’s on their lands only after the completion of a few years. These church’s were constructed even though they were considered as being heretical by the Orthodox Church of the time. It must be noted that the Byzantine Empire collapsed because the sultan’s laws and customs were not enough to satisfy the demands of their people.

 

Despite its imperfections, the Ottoman Empire still managed to flourish for a period of more than a 600 years. Furthermore, its contributions to the world trade were very great. Some of its products became so highly prized that some of them became priceless possessions. Thus, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire can be seen as the collapse of a long standing empire which was the corner stone of the Mediterranean area. Although the sultanate system failed, the byzantine tradition still survived and from that day forward the entire region benefited from it.

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