What is Blood Cancer?

20.10.2021
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What is Blood Cancer?

What exactly is Blood Cancer? If you’re diagnosed with the illness, it can be one of the most painful experiences of your life. Once considered incurable, survival rates for some types of blood cancers have now as high as eighty percent. On an annual basis, you might not give much thought to your own blood.

In the past, the only way to survive blood cancers was to have surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or a weakened immune system. Those procedures often left you with lasting health problems or disability. They also tended to leave a scar behind that didn’t go away. Today, new cancer treatments, including targeted immunotherapy, are helping patients live longer and enjoying improved quality of life after cancer treatments.

There are several types of cancer cells. Some, such as leukemia or lymphoma, attack healthy cells in the body. Other types of cancer cells attack the body’s tissues. When those cells come into contact with the healthy tissue, the result can be cancer. Anyone can have cancer cells and some people may experience the symptoms early in their lives, but others may experience those same symptoms later in life.

Blood cancer is divided into two major categories. One category affects the blood cells and the second type affects the bone marrow. Blood cancer that affects the blood cells may form a tumor or they may produce abnormal blood cells.

The most common type of cancer that affects the blood cells is leukemia. Leukemia develops in the bone marrow of the body. It is one of three main types of blood cancers, predominantly lymphoma and myeloma.

What is Blood Cancer? There are a few different symptoms of leukemia that can occur. If a person has been diagnosed with any type of cancer it is important to visit a doctor and get regular checkups. Symptoms of leukemia include excessive bleeding, a constant pain or dull ache, unexplained weight loss and swelling, and anemia. Someone who experiences these symptoms should immediately go to a doctor and make sure that they are not caused by another medical condition.

Some symptoms of lymphoma include a constant painful swell or swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck and/or armpit area. Lymphoma can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Surgery is used to remove cancer cells from the lymph nodes or from the blood, the most common type of cancer treatment today. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill cancer cells in the body. It can either be external or internal; meaning it can be used inside the body or on the skin outside the body.

Leukemia is not a life threatening disease, but it can be very serious if left untreated. With proper early detection and treatment a person with this disease can live a long, healthy life. The best thing a person can do for their overall health is to have regular screenings and checkups. A doctor can determine whether or not a person has cancer when a test shows unusually high white blood cells. Someone who suspects they may have cancer can visit a doctor for a blood test or an imaging test known as a colonoscopy. An imaging test known as a mammogram will determine whether or not cancerous cells have formed in the breast or elsewhere in the body.

If a person has been diagnosed with a certain type of blood cancer, there are some things that may need to be done. Chemotherapy may be required for some patients or a stem cell transplant may be necessary for others. Depending on what stage the cancer is in will depend on what type of medicine the doctor will prescribe. Treatment options include:

Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that affects the bone marrow or myeloid cells. Common symptoms include bone pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, unexplained headaches and swollen lymph nodes under the arm. Myeloma can be treated with chemotherapy or radiation, it depends on how far advanced the disease is and your doctor’s preferences. A bone marrow transplant may be needed if no other options are available.

Polymyeloma is also called leukaemia and is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells (panleukopenia). Symptoms include joint and muscular pain, fever, fatigue and swelling. Treatment includes chemotherapy or radiation. Medications that can help with polymyeloma are bone marrow transplants and treatments that encourage the production of healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. Surgery may be required to remove a cancerous bone marrow. A healthy blood cell count is needed to fight against this type of leukemia.

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